Batu Kawan is on the national attention following the official opening of the Second Penang Bridge by the Malaysian Prime Minister on 1st March 2014. It is officially known as Tuanku Abdul Halim Mu’adzam Shah Bridge.blog.intproperties.com have gathered relevant information and researched the chronological events on the development of Batu Kawan to track its past pricing trends of land transactions from the time Batu Kawan Island was acquired to the present time of the completion and opening of Second Penang Bridge.(Map of Second Penang Bridge).
Batu Kawan used to be an oil palm estate previously owned by Batu Kawan Berhad (BKB). On 8th February 1991, the Penang state government has gazetted Batu Kawan Estate under section 8 of the land acquisition act 1960.
In 1992, the entire 5,260 acre Batu Kawan was acquired by Penang State Government through the Land Office Administrator of South Seberang Perai District for a sum of RM53,197,974 or RM8,167 per acre awarded as compensation.
BKB filed the case to the Penang High Court and the judge reviewed the land acquisition and increased the award of compensation to RM15,000.00 per acre (RM15,000 X 5,260 acres = RM78,900,000.00) on 9th October 1995.
Not satisfied with the compensation, BKB pursued the matter to the Court of Appeal but was dismissed on 22th Sept 1997.
Subsequently, BKB took the matter up to the Federal Court seeking higher compensation of RM40,000 per acre but was dismissed by Federal Court on 11th September 2001. BKB exhausted all the legal means which took them 9 years and finally settled with the compensation of RM15,000.00 per acre(Analysed to RM0.34 psf). The Federal Court judge held that the revised compensation of RM15,000.00 as at that time in 1992 is the “Adequate compensation” on the premise that the land is an agricultural estate land with remote potentiality for any development.
Past Events and Transactions
In Feb 1996, BKB set up a joint venture vehicle with a 60%-owned joint venture company, Padova Corporation Sdn Bhd (“Padova”), with the Penang Development Corporation (“PDC”) whereby Padova has entered into a Land Purchase Agreement with the PDC.
Under this Agreement, Padova was to purchase from PDC 740 acres of former estate land on Batu Kawan Island for a sum of RM50 million for property development(analysed to RM1.55 psf). The land was part of the Company’s Batu Kawan Estate, which was compulsorily acquired by the State Government in 1992 and a sum of RM40 million has been paid to PDC under the Agreement. However, due to economic downturn, the plans for property development in the area were reviewed while the Land Purchase Agreement has been terminated.
On 9th May 2002, Abad Naluri Sdn Bhd (ANSB) submitted tender for Penang Turf Club’s relocation and sale of Batu Gantung land. ANSB proposed to build a new race-course for the Penang Turf Club at a 250-acre site at Batu Kawan. On 25th November 2002 – Turf Club EGM approved sale of Turf Club land in Batu Gantung and proposed acquisition of Batu Kawan site for relocation of Penang Turf Club.
On 16th Jan 2004 – PDC entered into a Principle agreement to sell several parcels of land in Batu Kawan, totaling 750 acres to ANSB. The development was planned in six different phases, each divided into Parcels 1, 2A, 2B 3A, 3B and 4 respectively of which mixed development projects were planned on Parcels 1, 2A, 2B 3A, and 3B measuring 450 acres in total. The development of Parcel 4 was confined to the development of a Penang International Equesterian Centre (PIEC) measuring approximately 300 acres. The purchase consideration for Parcel 4 was reported as RM46 million (analysed to RM3.52 psf).
On 8th March 2008, The DAP-led Pakatan Rakyat took over the Penang State Government administration.
In September 2008, CM Lim Guan Eng and 52-member delegation went to Korea for its first oversea trade investment mission. After the trip, it was widely reported that an MOU between PDC and Korean Group DK ENC has been signed to build a US$ 100 million (RM350 million)golf course in Batu Kawan. However, the deal fizzled out after a memorandum of understanding (MoU)on the project,signed between PDC and South Korean-based DK ENC Company Ltd lapsed.
In year 2009/2010, land acquisition process began on private lands in the Batu Kawan locality affected by the Second Penang Bridge alignment and road linkages to North South Highway and were awarded compensation at a rate of RM8-10 psf.
On 5th April 2011, CM Lim Guan Eng announced the sale of Batu Kawan Land TO ABAD NALURI SDN BHD(ANSB) after a re-negotiation process with ANSB since 2008 to proceed with the development of the remaining parcels since the S&P Agreements for Parcels 2B, 3A and 3B were yet to be signed. After serious negotiations and discussions between both parties, a decision was finally made and agreed upon by both parties in early 2011.
It was reported that the change in the development of Parcel 4 from the PIEC to the proposed mixed development has benefited PDC by enhancing the value of the land from RM3.05 psf to RM4.77 psf amounting to an increased value of RM22,500,000.00.(Approximately 56% increase in value of the land)- Click here for more info.
On 27th June 2011, CM Lim Guan Eng held a press conference and announced that an industrial park catering for SME with 150 acres will be established at the Batu Kawan Industrial Park(1,600 acres) and 67 acres acres for SMEs opened for sale as backbone for solar and renewable energy industries. The current sales price of SME industrial land in Batu Kawan Industrial Park is priced at RM30 psf.
On 23rd August 2011, CM Lim Guan Eng unveiled that PDC has allocated 200 acre site in Batu Kawan for the proposed Mega housing project of which at least 7,300 affordable housing units will be built over a period of 5-7 years at a density of 55 units per-acre.
On 16th February 2012-Ground breaking ceremony for HDB designed affordable homes was held at Bandar Cassia, Batu Kawan- Video.
On 29th February 2012, a signing ceremony was held between Robert Bosch with PDC for the purchase of a parcel of industrial land for RM58 million. 20% of the purchase price has been paid in December 2011. The land is estimated to be 35.2 or 87 acres(Analysed to RM15.30 psf).
In September 2012, Equine Capital Bhd, the controlling company of ANSB, changed its name to Global Oriental(GOB). GOB still has a remaining 350 acres of leasehold land in Bandar Cassia, Batu Kawan.
On 10th October 2012, Malton Berhad announced that Silver Setup Sdn Bhd (”SSSB”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Malton, had entered into a Joint Development Agreement (“JDA”) with Batu Kawan Development Sdn Bhd (formerly known as Abad Naluri Sdn Bhd) (”BKDSB”) for the proposed joint development of a piece of land situated at Batu Kawan, Mukim 13, Seberang Perai Selatan, Pulau Pinang (“Land”), measuring approximately 300 acres (“Joint Venture”).
The proposed development under the JDA is expected to comprise mixed commercial and residential development (“Proposed Development”). Based on the preliminary plans, the gross development value of the Proposed Development is estimated to be RM3.8 billion.
The Proposed Development is expected to be carried out and completed in phases over 10 years from the date of issuance of the title of the Land, subject to extension as may be approved by the PDC.
Details of the Joint Venture Entitlements under the Proposed Development :-
BKDSB’s entitlement under the JDA is 18% of the Gross Development Value of the Proposed Development, subject to not less than RM300 million, which represents the minimum return expected by BKDSB from the Joint Venture. Whilst SSSB shall be entitled to the remaining 82% of the Gross Development Value of the Proposed Development. Under the JDA, SSSB is solely responsible to meet the costs of the Proposed Development. Upon signing of the JDA, SSSB has paid a sum of RM20 million as deposit to BKDSB as part of BKDSB’s entitlement under the JDA (“Deposit”).
On 28th March 2013, after slightly more than a year, Media reported that Bosch Solar Energy Malaysia Sdn Bhd has decided to shelve its plan to invest RM2.2 billion in a new mono-crystalline solar cell plant at Batu Kawan Industrial Park although a sales and purchase agreement had been signed between Bosch and PDC in December 2011 for a 35.2ha of land in Batu Kawan to build the plant, citing circumstances did not allow Bosch to proceed with the project.More on Bosch pull out.
In August 2013, PDC called for a request for proposal (RFP) for an international theme park and golf resort (with a minimum 18 holes). The RFP is for the purchase and lease of a total 685 acres of land – 215 acres for the theme park (west of Batu Kawan) and 470 acres for the golf resort (north of Batu Kawan). Both projects are required to be completed within four years from the date of agreement. The entire development must be fully completed in 10 years. No new announcement on the outcome of this RFP yet.
On 12th October 2013, PDC signed a purchase and development agreement for the construction of a premium retail outlet in Bandar Cassia,Batu Kawan. The agreement, signed between PDC and developer PE Land Sdn Bhd, will see the nation’s second premium outlet after the Johor Premium Outlet. The premium outlet, costing about RM200mil, will be built on a plot of 16ha (39.54 acres) land that will also include a 300-room international-class hotel, cafes and food and beverage outlets, a landscaped garden as well as residential units. It was reported that the Payment for the land premium of RM65.34mil would be within three months.(Analysed to RM37.94 psf).
On 10th January 2014 – CM Lim Guan Eng announced IKEA’s Entry Into Batu Kawan with the sale of 245 acres of land for the purpose of development of an integrated shopping mall, anchored by an IKEA store to be developed by Ikano Pte Ltd, and mixed development of offices and residences to be developed jointly by Aspen-Ikano (a joint venture company to be formed by Aspen Vision Land Sdn Bhd and Ikano Pte Ltd). The 245 acres development in Batu Kawan will include: 30 acres for the development of IKEA Store and phase 1 of the Shopping Mall 45 acres for the development of phase 2 of the Shopping Mall; and 170 acres for mixed development purposes (Remaining Parcels) The total land cost for the project is RM 483,951,600 and payment is to be made within 60 months from the date of Agreement. A RM 5 million non-refundable deposit has also being paid to PDC.
Off all the land dealings in Batu Kawan, this is considered as the landmark recent transaction of year 2014 which analysed to RM45.34 psf with payment terms of up to 5 years.
The last one year also witnessed several big players joining the bandwagon of acquiring lands in southern Seberang Perai in anticipation of the improved infrastructure networks with enhanced accessibility following the completion of Second Penang Bridge. Several reported land acquisition by established developers are :-
MAH Sing Group Bhd bought about 76.38 acres of freehold land in Jawi, Southern mainland Penang for RM42.59 million It was reported that the land was acquired at RM12.80 psf in December 2013 with payment terms within 18 months.
Another developer , Tambun Indah (TILB) acquired additional 21 acres freehold land at Pearl City of Bandar Tasek Mutiara.This came after the acquisition of a 24.1 acre land parcel also in the township a month earlier.The purchase consideration of MR12.7m translates into a land cost of MR14.00 psf, similar to the earlier transaction. Tambun Indah has an accumulated land bank of about 550 acres Pearl City of Bandar Tasek Mutiara.
IJM Land has also acquired 70 acres of land in Jawi, Southern mainland Penang for RM56 million (Analysed to RM18.50 psf ) in July 2013.
According to RHB Research, EcoWorld also bought about 60 acres of land located at the junction of Jalan Paboi and the old Simpang Ampat federal route, near Simpang Ampat, Southern Seberang Perai at over RM30 psf.
After a span of 22 years, Batu Kawan is poised for higher intensity of development with the recent opening of the Second Penang Bridge. There is no doubt that the construction of RM4.5 Bil Second Penang Bridge since 2008 have accelerated the development of Batu Kawan as evidenced by increased investments and land transactions over the past one year. Improved road networks and accessibility has significant impact on its land usability.Its zoning use from that of pure agricultural land in 1990’s has gradually maturing into lands with potential and suitable for housing and industrial use and likely to scale up to higher economic land usage such as commercial and mixed development township. So as its land prices which have surged significantly in recent years in tandem with the change of land usability, zoning and enhanced accessibility.
For more information and advisory on Penang property matters, email to tan@intproperties dot com.